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Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reform

One of the aims during Finland’s Presidency of the Council of the EU is to take the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reform forward as much as possible.

In summer 2018, the EU Commission adopted a package of three legislative proposals on the CAP reform for 2021–2027. The proposals are a response to future challenges and serve to support the development of a sustainable and competitive agricultural sector.

Key focus areas in the Commission’s proposals include young farmers, small and medium-sized farms, climate change mitigation, the environment, generational renewal, and food security and quality.

Council and Parliament have discussed the reform package

The Commission proposals have been discussed in Council working parties, the Special Committee on Agriculture (SCA) and the Agriculture and Fisheries Council. In June 2019, the Romanian Presidency presented a progress report about the state of play of the three proposals and about details left undecided. The legal texts on all three proposals have also been updated.

Decisions on the regulations will be taken jointly with the European Parliament, which discussed the proposals at the same time as the Council. The reports of the Parliament’s Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development have not yet reached the plenary stage. The new Parliament will decide the next steps of the process once it gets working.

Finland aiming for common understanding between member states

Finland’s Presidency will continue to take the CAP reform forward in the Council in order to create as much of a common understanding as possible between member states.

Whether a political agreement on the reform can be reached will depend on the results of the negotiations on the multiannual financial framework during Finland’s Presidency. A political agreement within the Council would mean that trilogue negotiations could then start.

Commission’s legislative proposals


Kari Valonen, Chair of Special Committee on Agriculture, tel. +32 470 850 982, [email protected]
Ahti Hirvonen, Head of Unit, tel. +358 50 346 6577, [email protected]