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EU preparations for UN biodiversity targets

New, 2030 targets will be set for the UN Convention on Biological Diversity in October 2020. The targets will be determined by the Conference of the Parties (COP 15) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in Kunming, China. The reason for preparing new targets is that the period for the current ones, known as the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, ends in 2020.

The negotiations are already underway, and the EU’s positions are coordinated by Finland as the Presidency of the Council of the EU.

The Open Working Group (OWG), in charge of the preparations, consists of the parties to the CBD, representatives for civil society organisations, indigenous peoples and businesses, and scientists. The aim of the negotiating process is to adopt a post-2020 global biodiversity framework.

Seeking ambitious Council conclusions on biodiversity

The Environment Council conclusions offering political guidance for the 2020 negotiations are high on the Finnish Presidency’s agenda. An agreement on the conclusions is expected to be reached in the Council meeting on 19 December 2019.

In its conclusions, the Council of the EU highlights the critical state of biodiversity and underlines that halting biodiversity loss calls for setting ambitious, measurable and realistic international targets. The Council moreover encourages EU member states, including their regions and municipalities, business and industry, and civil society organisations to take action and make commitments to halt biodiversity loss.

The EU and its member states are determined to show political leadership in the action for biodiversity.

Guidelines for EU biodiversity strategy

The European Commission has started to prepare a new biodiversity strategy for the European Union, running until 2030. The new Commission has pledged to present the strategy within its first 100 days in office as part of the new European Green Deal. The upcoming Council conclusions will feed into the preparation process.

With its new biodiversity strategy and action plan, the EU wishes to contribute to the latest global biodiversity goals. The purpose of the strategy is to provide guidelines for the EU’s commitment to ambitious action for biodiversity and to speed up measures to reach the global goals and targets by 2030.

The member states can implement the goals of the CBD not only through the EU biodiversity strategy but also through their National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs).

Preparations for the Post-2020 Biodiversity Framework (CBD homepage)

Commission communication on the European Green Deal

Press release by the European Environment Agency on the Report on Europe’s state of the environment 2020

IPBES Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services 2019


Marina von Weissenberg, Senior Environmental Adviser, Ministry of the Environment, [email protected], +358 295 250 321
Antonios Sfakiotakis, Senior Specialist, environmental issues and climate policy, Permanent Representation of Finland to the EU, [email protected], +32 470 914 290